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The vacuum cleaner can be said to be one of the daily household appliances. The birth of the vacuum cleaner facilitates people's cleaning work. So do you know how the vacuum cleaner works? Let's explore it together.
Working principle of vacuum cleaner
When the vacuum cleaner is working, through the high-speed rotation of the motor, a strong airflow is formed in the fuselage, so that the garbage on the ground is sucked into the suction port. When the motor speed reaches a certain set value, some pests sucked into the host will be sucked to death by strong suction. The inhaled garbage will be placed in the trash bag of the fuselage, and when the storage is full, just dump it into the trash can. This is how the vacuum cleaner works.
- The vacuum cleaner uses the high-speed rotation of the motor to form a vacuum in the main unit, and uses the resulting high-speed airflow to suck in the garbage from the suction port. At this time, the speed of the airflow is as high as 240 revolutions per hour, and pests such as lice enter the host and die due to high-speed collisions against the inner wall of the vacuum tube.
- The garbage sucked into the vacuum cleaner is accumulated in the bag machine, and the air purified by the filter is discharged from the vacuum cleaner while cooling the motor. The motor is the heart of the vacuum cleaner, and its performance can directly affect the reliability of the vacuum cleaner.
- In addition, the motor used in the vacuum cleaner rotates 20,000 to 40,000 revolutions per minute. The speed of a motor such as an electric fan is about 1800 to 3,600 revolutions per minute, which shows how high the motor speed of the vacuum cleaner is.
- The combined force of wind and vacuum generated by the vacuum cleaner, these two factors have opposite characteristics. In other words, the vacuum force becomes weaker when the wind force is strong, and the wind force becomes weaker when the vacuum force is strong. The maximum value of the combined force of the two is the "suction power" that represents the capacity of the vacuum cleaner, and the suction power is expressed in watts (W).
The working principle of vacuum cleaner: electrostatic dust removal
When the high-voltage electric field formed between the cathode wire connected to the high-voltage direct current power supply and the grounded anode plate passes through the gas containing dust particles, the corona discharge occurs at the cathode and the gas is ionized. At this time, the negatively charged gas ions move toward the positive plate under the action of the electric field force, and collide with the dust particles during the movement, so that the dust particles are negatively charged. The charged dust particles are under the action of the electric field force. It also moves toward the anode, and when it reaches the anode, it releases the electrons it carries, and the dust particles are deposited on the anode plate, and the purified gas is discharged out of the dust protector.
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